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Commodity Mini Contracts: Paradise for Retail Traders

7 Mins 29 Mar 2023 0 COMMENT

In the world of commodities trading, investors are always looking for new ways to manage risk and maximize profits. One innovation that has gained popularity is the use of commodity mini contracts. These contracts allow traders to buy and sell a smaller quantity of a commodity than traditional futures contracts, which can be more expensive and carry higher risks.

Mini contracts in commodity derivatives trading are the miniature contracts of larger and regular contracts. These contracts are intended for retail investors to trade as well as MSMEs engaged in the business of metal trading for hedging their price risk. Further, these contracts are smaller minimum lot size suitable for those investors who want to trade with a smaller margin. The price movement in these mini contracts is similar to the larger contract.

Recently, Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) of India Limited relaunched mini contracts in Aluminium, Lead, Zinc, Crude Oil and Natural Gas following demand from the market participants as well as brokers to attract retail customers as well as MSMEs having smaller quantity exposure in these commodities. Mini contracts were very popular amongst investors prior to 2019, however, these contracts were discontinued as the metal contracts were converted into deliverable contracts where the minimum deliverable lot size was the challenge. At that time, these mini contracts were contributing nearly 30% of the total exchange turnover.


Advantages of Mini Contracts

  1. Commodity mini contracts require lower margin requirements than full-sized contracts, making them accessible to retail investors with limited capital.
  2. Mini contracts allow investors to enter and exit positions more easily than full-sized contracts. This is particularly beneficial for traders who want to make quick trades or adjust their positions frequently.
  3. Commodity traders and investors get the same benefit of their larger contracts in terms of price movement with smaller contract size.
  4. Commodity mini contracts offer investors the opportunity to diversify their portfolios by adding exposure to different commodities.
  5. Commodity mini contracts are less expensive than full-sized futures contracts. This is because mini contracts are based on smaller contract sizes, which means that investors can enter and exit positions in the market with less capital.
  6. MSMEs having exposure to the aforementioned commodities can reduce their price risk related to their raw material in lower quantities. Ex. If the organization wants to hedge 3 MTs of Aluminium futures, it was not possible with regular contracts, which are 5 MTs contracts, hence, with mini contracts they can easily hedge their 3 MTs of aluminium exposure.

Commodity mini contracts offer retail investors a convenient and cost-effective way to gain exposure to a range of commodities. These contracts have lower margin requirements, tighter bid-ask spreads, and provide price discovery for smaller amounts of commodities. However, investors should be aware of the risks associated with commodity mini contracts, including volatility, leverage, liquidity, and market risk. Small and medium enterprise having a physical market exposure for smaller quantity can benefit from these mini contracts. In total, the mini contracts are paradise for retail investors to trade with smaller capital as well as MSMEs to hedge their smaller quantity price risk.

ICICI Securities Ltd. (I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Venture House, Appasaheb Marathe Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 025, India, Tel No : 022 - 6807 7100. I-Sec is a Member of National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (Member Code :07730), BSE Ltd (Member Code :103) and Member of Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. (Member Code: 56250) and having SEBI registration no. INZ000183631. Name of the Compliance officer (broking): Ms. Mamta Shetty, Contact number: 022-40701022, E-mail address: complianceofficer@icicisecurities.com. Investments in securities markets are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest.  I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. Margin Trading is offered as subject to the provisions of SEBI Circular CIR/MRD/DP/54/2017 dated June 13, 2017 and the terms and conditions mentioned in rights and obligations statement issued by I-Sec. Such representations are not indicative of future results. The securities quoted are exemplary and are not recommendatory. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investors should consult their financial advisers whether the product is suitable for them before taking any decision. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose.