Partner With Us NRI

Open Free Trading Account Online with ICICIDIRECT

Incur '0' Brokerage upto ₹500


9 Mins 17 Mar 2023 0 COMMENT


When it comes to your demat account, you must have often have heard of the DP ID. But did you really know what DP ID means. In this segment, we shall look at what is DP ID and the role of DP ID in demat account. DP ID is unique to each investors and helps to give a unique identity to the particular client.

To understand the concept of DP id in greater detail, let us first look at what is DP in demat account and then let us look at what is DP id in demat account. This is one of the most important concepts underlying the demat account.


In India, there are two central depositories viz. the NSDL and the CDSL. There are 10.7 crore demat accounts in India which cannot be possibly handled by these two organizations. Hence, they designate depository participant (DP) to open demat accounts on their behalf. To trade in equities, it is essential for everyone to have a demat account with a registered depository participant. Each such DP is allocated a unique DP ID by NSDL / CDSL.

To understand the structure of the depository ecosystem in India, the depository participant (DP) functions as an intermediary between the investor and the central depository (NSDL or CDSL). All DPs are registered with SEBI. Each DP is affiliated to central depositories i.e. NSDL or CDSL or to both. When you open a demat account (a pre-requisite to trade in the stock markets), you are allotted a DP account number against your name. How does this DP account number come into existence and how to interpret it?


Did you know that your demat account number has quite a few details that are automatically embedded into it. The DP account assigned to you has a very specific significance and reflets a particular combination of data. The DP or Demat account of an investor comprises of 16 characters. Out of these 16 characters, the first 8 digits constitute the depository participant identity (DP ID). It is the identity given to the demat service provider. The other 8 characters are the beneficiary identity or the identity of the client in question. The combination of the two (DP ID and beneficiary identity) is your unique demat ID. The demat ID is also referred to as the beneficiary ID.

The demat account numbering system is different for NSDL and for CDSL. For instance, the demat account is alphanumeric in the case of NSDL while it is numerical in the case of CDSL. The overall DP account comprises of 16 characters. If your depository is NSDL, then the first two character are alphabetical while the remaining 14 digits are the DP number. You can also interpret the Demat ID as (DP ID + Beneficiary ID).

The system is slightly different for CDSL demat accounts. In this case, the demat account number is entirely a 16-digit numerical For instance if the full demat account number of your CDSL account is 1221122112221222, then the first 8 digits i.e. 12211221 is the DP ID. The remaining 8 digits i.e. 12221222 is the beneficiary ID or client ID. When both are combined, it gives the unique demat account number for unique identity.


To sum up the debate, the demat account number is not just a set of random numbers. It has been assigned in such a way that the id of the depository participant and your unique client id are combined so as to be easily identifiable. NSDL and CDSL use the DP as an intermediary and hence the demat account reflects the identity of the principal depository and also the identity of the depository participant. In short, the DP ID is a subset of your unique demat account number.

This should answer most of your question, especially if you are confused what is DP ID in your demat account. These IDs have been assigned to the DP with whom you have the demat account. A demat account number is your unique individual ID that is assigned to you by the DP. It helps to not only identify your demat account but also the DP you are affiliated to. It gives a comprehensive picture of the DP identity.

ICICI Securities Ltd. (I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Venture House, Appasaheb Marathe Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 025, India, Tel No : 022 - 6807 7100. I-Sec is a Member of National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (Member Code :07730), BSE Ltd (Member Code :103) and Member of Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. (Member Code: 56250) and having SEBI registration no. INZ000183631. Name of the Compliance officer (broking): Ms. Mamta Shetty, Contact number: 022-40701022, E-mail address: complianceofficer@icicisecurities.com. Investments in securities markets are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest. I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investors should consult their financial advisers whether the product is suitable for them before taking any decision. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose.