How to create a portfolio in share market?
When you are done with your primary research about stock market investment and opened a Demat account and a Trading account, started with one of the trending companies in the market. But after few days, you saw the price of your stocks fluctuating. So, your first instinct is to immediately sell it and buy another stock in fear of losing all your capital invested. Being a novice, you might doubt how much money I should allocate to each of the stocks on my list? Should I invest equally in each stock, or should I put more emphasis on certain stocks?
What is a Portfolio?
A portfolio is a collection of various assets owned by investors. You can include gold, stocks, units of mutual funds, derivatives, real estate property, bonds, and other valuables in your portfolio. You may invest in such assets to generate profits while you want your assets' value to be protected.
A stock portfolio is a mixed bag of stocks in which you invest with the intention of profiting. However, you can become a more resilient investor by assembling a diverse portfolio that spans various sectors.
How to create a share market portfolio?
By following a systematic approach, you can build share market portfolios aligned with your investment strategies. Here are few essential pointers to consider while creating the right portfolio for yourself-
a. Identify your goals:
Identifying goals entails determining how much you want to invest, known as your investment capability, how long you aim to support, and what kind of returns you want. For example, an investor who wants to learn how to build a portfolio in the stock market for long-term gains will have a very different portfolio than one who wants to make short-term gains. Similarly, an investor with a high-risk appetite and investment ability will have a very diverse portfolio from one who wants to invest a smaller percentage of their earnings and prefers stability over the volume of returns. Having this clarity before you start to build a stock portfolio will help you begin with confidence.
Your next goal should be to create a diversified portfolio that provides you with the best possible returns while protecting your assets from unfavourable events. Investing in a diverse range of investment types and companies can help you reSSduce risk. This way, if one company or sector of companies is particularly hit hard by the market, your other investments should be able to support it and reduce the amount of money you lose in the short term. That ensures that no one asset in your portfolio has a significant impact on your portfolio's overall health.
c. Allocation of assets:
Asset allocation refers to the percentage of each type of asset you wish to invest in the portfolio you hold. That is crucial for achieving optimal diversification of your investment portfolio. Factors influencing asset allocation include:
i. Expected returns
ii. Risk profile
Let us understand one of the approaches of asset allocation. According to the commonly cited thumb rule, you should determine what portion of your portfolio should be dedicated to stock investments by subtracting your age from 100 or 110. For example, if your age is 30, this rule suggests that you allocate 70% to 80% of your portfolio to stocks, leaving 20% to 30% for bonds and other safer investments options. In your 60s, your portfolio would tilt to a more defensive 50-60% stock allocation and a 40-50% bond allocation to your portfolio.
d. Protecting the portfolio:
The risk-to-reward ratio, combined with an appropriate approach to money management, ensures that you are fully protected against any risks in your stock portfolio while also providing a reasonable return at the end. In addition, placing a stop-loss on the investment amount will help you avoid unpredictably large losses while staying within your risk tolerance.
e. Regular Review and Rebalancing of Portfolio:
The stock market is a non-stationary and volatile entity. That is, a stock that performed well a year ago may or may not perform well this year. Therefore, making sure your portfolio doesn't go stale is crucial when learning how to make a share market portfolio. Examine your portfolio regularly, such as monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, or annually, to ensure that all of your investments are current and that you are not holding onto stocks that are dragging down your portfolio.
Additional Read: How to rebalance and consolidate your portfolio?
If you're a first-time investor, figuring out how to build a portfolio for the stock market can be challenging. With so many stocks, recommendations, and investment options to choose from it's overwhelming. However, arming yourself with the knowledge presented in this article will aid in clearing the fog and creating a suitable investment portfolio.
Additional Read: Creating an ideal Mutual Fund portfolio
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