Partner With Us NRI

Sensex @80k: Sensex crosses a milestone

ICICIdirect 8 Mins 10 Jul 2024

The Indian share market is making new highs every day. Last week, on 3rd July, it achieved a significant milestone in its journey upward - Sensex crossed the 80,000 mark. Last week's jump is backed by selective buying in IT and banking stocks. However, the recent journey saw participation from all major sectors. How has been the journey recently, and what does it mean for investors? We try to answer these questions here.

History of Sensex points

Let us start by looking at the journey of Sensex - it all started back in 1986. Here is how it looked:


Sensex Points




Sensex Launched



The initial years saw the Sensex experience moderate growth, with some fluctuations. The index crossed the 1,000 mark for the first time in 1990.


Dropped from 4,467 to 2,529

Harshad Mehta Scam - It reached an all-time high of 4,467 points in April 1992, but this was followed by a correction due to a market scam.



Crossed 5,000 Points before the dot com bubble



Crossed 10,000 Points - The first decade of the 21st century witnessed a period of steady growth for the Sensex, with the index crossing the 10,000 mark in 2006



Crossed 15,000 Points


Back to 8,160

Global Financial Crisis - Fell from 20,827 to 8000 levels



Crossed 21,000 Points



Narendra Modi's Election Victory



Crossed 30,000 in March 2015



Crossed 35,000 Points



Crossed 40,000 Points in June 2019


Fell to 25,638.90 in March, Recovered to 47,751.33 in December

COVID-19 Pandemic



Crossed 50,000 Points from the bottoms of 2020 - Covid crash



Crossed 60,000 Points in September 2021



Crossed 65,000 Points



Crossed 80,000 Points - fastest 10,000 run

Fastest 10K Rally of Sensex

As mentioned in the table above, the recent rally of 10,000 points was the fastest 10,000-point gain in its history. It took just six and a half months for the Sensex to surge from 70,000 to 80,000 points, which happened on July 3rd, 2024. In terms of trading sessions, the Sensex took close to 138 sessions to cross the 80,000 mark and doubled in five years.

Sensex had crossed the 60,000 mark in September 2021 and 50,000 mark in January 2021. The Sensex was at 40,000 in June 2019 and 30,000 in March 2015.

Stocks/Sectors that led to the 80,000 rally

Here are some of the stocks with maximum participation - companies that led the 80,000 rally:

Reliance Industries: Reliance has outperformed the Sensex in the past six months, and its strong performance likely played a significant role in the index's rise. It has increased by 23%, compared to a 12% rally in Sensex in the 6 months.

Banking Sector: According to analysis, several banking stocks like SBI, ICICI Bank, and HDFC Bank significantly contributed to the Sensex's growth. Their positive performance reflects optimism in the Indian economy.

Information Technology (IT): TCS, Infosys, and other IT companies are known for their consistent performance and have contributed to the Sensex's rise. Infosys share price has jumped in double digits in last one month.

Other Companies/Sector: Companies like Bharti Airtel and Adani Ports have also been strong contributors to the rally. Rising oil prices have positively impacted some energy stocks.

Reasons for the rapid increase in Sensex Points

The recent rapid increase in Sensex points can be attributed to a combination of factors, including:

Positive Monsoon Progress: According to the IMD, monsoon rainfall will be 106% of the long-period average this year, which is above normal. A timely and well-distributed monsoon is crucial for India's agricultural sector, which forms a significant part of the economy. Good monsoon rains raise optimism about agricultural output, potentially leading to higher rural incomes and increased consumer spending. This optimism can boost investor confidence in companies that cater to the domestic market.

Domestic Investor Participation: The number of retail investors and their participation has increased significantly in recent years. As a result, despite the heavy foreign capital outflow, the Indian market has not fallen. In fact, retail investors have contributed most to the recent rally.

The number of registered investors on the BSE has reached approximately 17.53 crore, reflecting a 32% increase from last year.

Possibility of Rate Cuts: The RBI, in its last meeting (June), maintained its dovish stance but changed its policy outlook from "accommodative" to "neutral." This indicates a shift towards a more balanced approach, with the possibility of rate cuts in the future if inflation allows. If the RBI reduces interest rates to stimulate economic growth, it can make borrowing cheaper for businesses. This can lead to increased investments and potentially higher corporate profits, which can be positive for the stock market.

Key takeaway for investors

The recent record-breaking performance underlines the growing investor confidence in Indian markets. All major sectors are in the green, particularly banks, financials, and private banks - they have increased well above their historical monthly average. Also, HDFC Bank's potential index upgrade could further lift the benchmark indices.

Before you go

It will be interesting to see if the Sensex can sustain this momentum and reach even higher levels. Experts recommend staying cautious and following a well-diversified investment strategy regardless of market highs. A correction of 5% to 10% cannot be ruled out, given the rally we have seen in recent months without any significant downside.

Enjoy the new Native experience

ICICIdirect APP - All in 1

Download our App and get started with your investment and trading journey with features such as Basket Orders, Stock SIP, Research Recommendations and much more at one place.