Partner With Us NRI

Open Free Trading Account Online with ICICIDIRECT

Incur '0' Brokerage upto ₹500

What's a cyber-attack and how to prevent it

9 Mins 26 Oct 2023 0 COMMENT
Cyber Attack

In an increasingly digitized world, where technology permeates every aspect of our lives, the threat of cyber-attacks is more prominent than ever before. But what is a cyber-attack? This article will delve into the different types of cyber-attacks and discuss essential prevention measures to safeguard against them. 


What is a cyber-attack? 

A cyber-attack is a malicious attempt to compromise computer systems, networks, or devices intending to steal data, disrupt operations, or cause damage. Cybercriminals with diverse motives execute these attacks in various forms. 

Types of cyber attacks 

The following are some of the types of cyber-attacks that internet users must be aware of:

1. Phishing Attacks:

Phishing attacks involve deceptive emails or messages that trick users into revealing sensitive information like passwords or financial details. Cybercriminals often impersonate trusted entities to gain victims' trust. Such attacks use social engineering along with technology. The attacker uses a 'bait' of trustworthiness to lure in the victim. As the attacker is 'fishing' for information, it is known as a phishing attack. The victim receives a link to another site to download malware. The attacker can then access the victim's private information. 


Malware, short for malicious software, encompasses various threats like viruses, trojans, and ransomware. Attackers design these programs to infiltrate systems and cause harm, from data theft to system destruction. This attack either only affects the host system or spreads from one device to another.  

3.SQL Injection:

Structured Query Language (SQL) injection attacks websites that depend on databases to serve customers. The system is penetrated once the database runs this command. Essentially, attackers target databases by injecting malicious SQL code into input fields. Such attacks can lead to unauthorized access or manipulation of a database's contents. 

4.Social Engineering:

These attacks manipulate human psychology to trick individuals into divulging confidential information. They can be as simple as a friendly phone call requesting sensitive data. 

5.Zero-Day Exploits:

Zero-Day exploits take advantage of vulnerabilities in software or hardware that are not yet known to the vendor. Attackers use these vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access or control. 

6.Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attacks:

In MitM attacks, an attacker intercepts communication between two parties without their knowledge. The attacker places themselves in the 'middle' of two parties. Therefore, it is referred to as a man-in-the-middle attack. It is a breach of cybersecurity that allows the attacker to eavesdrop, modify data, or impersonate one of the parties involved. The two parties are unaware of the attacker's interference in their communication. They are unaware that the attacker can modify the data before the other party receives it. 

7.DoS and DDoS Attacks

A denial-of-service (DoS) attack is devised to overwhelm system resources with considerable traffic. Due to that, it becomes difficult for the target server to reply to legitimate service requests. A distributed denial-of-service attack is designed along similar lines, where it also drains the system resources. The attacker makes use of a large number of malware-infected host machines to carry this out. Since the victim site cannot provide service to those who want to access it, it is called a 'denial of service' attack. This attack disrupts the site's online services, leading to financial losses. The system has to go offline to tackle such attacks. Therefore, it is left vulnerable to other types of attacks. 


How to prevent cyber-attacks? 

The following are some of the preventive measures you can take to prevent cyber-attacks:

1. Regular Software Updates:

Keep all software, including operating systems and applications, up to date. Updates often contain security patches that fix known vulnerabilities. 

2. Use Strong Passwords:

Make it a point to use complex, hard-to-guess passwords for your accounts. In addition, consider using a password manager to keep them secure. 

3. Firewalls and Antivirus Software:

Firewalls and antivirus programs help detect and prevent malware and unauthorized access. Using firewalls is an effective way to prevent DoS attacks. It detects whether the requests sent are legitimate or not. False requests are rejected to allow regular traffic to flow without interference.

4. Backup Data Regularly:

Regularly back up critical data to an offline or secure location. It will ensure data recovery in case of a ransomware attack. 

5. Network Security:

Employ robust network security measures, including intrusion detection systems and encryption, to protect data in transit. 

6. Incident Response Plan:

Develop and practice an incident response plan to minimize damage and recovery time in case of a cyber-attack. 


Cyber-attacks continue to evolve in sophistication and frequency, posing a significant threat to individuals, businesses, and even nations. Understanding the various types of cyber-attacks and how to prevent cyber-attacks is the first step towards avoiding such attacks. Hence, taking proactive prevention measures is crucial in our interconnected digital world. By staying vigilant, keeping systems updated, and educating ourselves and our employees, we can significantly reduce the risk of falling victim to these malicious activities and safeguard our digital assets. 


Disclaimer: ICICI Securities Ltd. ( I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Venture House, Appasaheb Marathe Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 025, India, Tel No : 022 - 6807 7100. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest.  I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investments in securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose.