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What Is An ITM (In The Money) Call Option?

2 Mins 28 Dec 2023 0 COMMENT

Options trading allows the buyer to buy or sell the underlying securities at a predetermined strike price stated in the agreement before the expiry date. The strike price reflects the cost of the shares. Therefore, investors acquire call options as part of a bullish strategy, aiming for the asset's price to rise and close slightly above the strike price well before the expiration date to realize potential gains. 

Options trading offers various strategies and positions, and one such term commonly used is the In-The-Money (ITM) Call Option. Traders and investors need to understand this concept thoroughly to make informed decisions in the financial markets. Let&rsquo's explore the various aspects of the ITM Call Option and help you understand this key concept.

What Is In-The-Money Call Option?

In options trading, an In-The-Money (ITM) Call Option represents a scenario where the current market price of the underlying asset exceeds the strike price of the call option. To clarify, for a call option to be considered 'In-The-Money,' the prevailing market price of the asset must surpass the predetermined strike price of the option.

For instance, suppose a stock is trading at Rs. 60 in the market, and a call option has a strike price of Rs. 50. In this case, the call option is 'In-The-Money' by Rs. 10 (Rs. 60 – Rs. 50).

Advantages Of In-The-Money Call Option

  • ITM call options have intrinsic value, which is the difference between the current stock price and the option's strike price. This intrinsic value provides immediate profitability.
  • Compared to At-The-Money (ATM) or Out-of-The-Money (OTM) options, ITM call options have lower risk. They have a higher chance of expiring profitably since the stock price is already in a profitable range.
  • In-the-money call options provide a good balance of leverage and lower risk. The potential for significant gains with a smaller investment is one of the appealing aspects for traders.
  • ITM call options are less impacted by changes in market volatility compared to OTM options. They offer a more stable position when market fluctuations occur.

Disadvantages Of In-The-Money Call Option

  • ITM call options have higher premiums due to their intrinsic value. This makes them more expensive than OTM options. The higher cost may limit the number of contracts a trader can purchase.
  • While In-The-Money options offer lower risk, they also have limited upside potential compared to OTM options. Profits are capped due to the intrinsic value, and further price increases won't contribute proportionally to the option's value.
  • Options contracts are subject to time decay, also known as ‘theta decay’. ITM call options are not immune to this decay, and the value of the option decreases as it approaches its expiration date.
  • Since ITM options have a higher premium, the breakeven point for profitable trading is higher than for OTM options. The stock price must move significantly to overcome this higher initial cost.


In-the-money (ITM) Call Options present traders with several advantages, such as intrinsic value, reduced risk, leverage, and stability during market volatility. However, these benefits come with certain disadvantages, including higher premiums, limited upside potential, susceptibility to time decay, and a higher breakeven point.

Investors and traders getting into options trading, particularly with ITM call options, should carefully consider these pros and cons. Understanding the dynamics of ITM call options can empower investors to make informed decisions aligned with their investment objectives and risk appetite in the dynamic landscape of the financial markets.