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Understand Various Aspects of Commodity Market

3 Mins 18 May 2022 0 COMMENT

A concrete foundation and good understanding is must before you step into any new field, whether it is starting a business or building a investment portfolio. To diversify your investment portfolio, you should try and invest a part of your funds in commodities. Here’s a deeper understanding of the commodity market.

Many newbie investors and traders feel that the equity market is the only financial market in the world. If you think the same, you’re in for a surprise. Apart from the stock market, other popular financial markets include the commodities market and the currency market.

Commodity market - Meaning

The stock market allows investors to trade the shares of a company. Similarly, the commodities market lets investors sell and buy commodities. A commodity market is popular amongst manufacturers, producers, and wholesale traders. It helps in price discovery of different commodities.

Trading of commodities is executed at dedicated commodity exchanges that let market participants buy and sell commodities online. In India, there are five popular commodity exchanges. These include Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX), National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX), National Stock Exchange (NSE), Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX).

Additional Read: Five Commodities to Trade in 2022

What is a Commodity?

A commodity is a product that you use in daily life. Some examples include black pepper, salt, cotton, etc. It also includes valuable items like Silver and Gold. So, a commodity market allows you to invest or trade in commodities like cotton, silver, gold, etc. Just like as a  stock market allows you to invest in the stocks of various companies.

Commodity vs. equity

Ownership is a significant difference between commodity trading and equity investment. When you buy equities, you have ownership in the listed company. The portion of ownership depends on the number of shares you buy. But with commodities, ownership is rare. You, instead, invest in the value of the underlying asset, and this value depends on supply and demand.

Additional Read: All About Commodity Indices

Types of commodities in the market

You must know of the two categories of commodities to start investing your funds.

·  Soft commodities

These commodities are grown and cared for. They are further categorized into two categories:

-   Agriculture: wheat, soybean, salt, coffee, rice, sugar, corn

-   Livestock and meat: egg, live cattle, feeder cattle

·   Hard commodities

These commodities include natural resources that are extracted or mined. The two categories of hard commodities are:

-   Metals: Platinum, Zinc, Copper, Gold, Silver

-   Energy: Gasoline, Crude oil, heating oil, Natural Gas

Advantages of trading in the commodity market

If you are worried about making the first move in the commodity market, here are some advantages that can make the decision clearer for you:

1. Margin trading

Commodity derivatives require a lower margin as compared to the stock market. One can trade on margin, giving hedgers and traders a chance to profit from a transaction. Traders get a chance to make returns from their investments. Here investment is the margin amount required to trade in commodity derivatives.

2. Diversification

In comparison to the performance of stocks, the returns of the commodity market are inverse. It’s possible that the commodity market may give positive returns in a phase of declining stock market. This helps in diversifying an investment portfolio.  

3. Returns

With changes in the economic and capital market conditions, the value of some goods is stable, while many commodities are volatile. Crude oil is an example of a volatile commodity. Its price changes because of large fluctuations in economic conditions, mining problems, and supply. Trading in such commodities may help in generating good returns but remember it could be risky and may turn other side.


After you understand commodity meaning in the stock market, you need to open a trading account to start your investment journey. Using this account, you can invest through derivative contracts such as futures and options.

Disclaimer: ICICI Securities Ltd. (I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Venture House, Appasaheb Marathe Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 025, India, Tel No : 022 - 6807 7100. I-Sec is a Member of National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (Member Code :07730), BSE Ltd (Member Code :103) and Member of Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. (Member Code: 56250) and having SEBI registration no. INZ000183631. Name of the Compliance officer (broking): Mr. Anoop Goyal, Contact number: 022-40701000, E-mail address: complianceofficer@icicisecurities.com. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest.  I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investors should consult their financial advisers whether the product is suitable for them before taking any decision. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose.