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Check Why Gold Rates Differ City Wise in India

3 Mins 01 Mar 2023 0 COMMENT

Gold is one of the most popular forms of investment in India and its demand is ever-increasing. In India, gold is not only considered a form of investment but also has a rich cultural significance. People buy gold for various reasons such as to hedge against inflation, as a form of savings, or for the purpose of gifting during special occasions. Further, it is bought largely during festival and marriage season as it is considered as prestige to own gold. The country is one of the largest consumers of gold in the world, with an annual demand of about 800 tons. In India, gold prices are different city wise due to various reasons such as taxes, transportation cost, purity levels, and local demand and supply.

Logistics and Transportation Costs

One of the main reasons for the variation in gold prices from city to city is the cost of logistics and transportation. Gold is a heavy and valuable metal that requires secure transportation. The cost of transportation varies depending on the location, and this can affect the price of gold in different cities. Transportation costs depend on various factors such as the distance, mode of transportation, and the security measures taken. If the transportation costs are high, the gold prices in a particular city will also be high. For example, the cost of transporting gold from a major city to a remote area will be higher, which will result in a higher price of gold in the latter.


Earlier, each state government was levying VAT on gold, which was differing from state to state. However, with an introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST), which replaced the VAT, the tax on gold is uniform in all the states. The major factors that contribute to varying pricing in each city are transportation, local demand and supply, hallmarking, making charges, etc.


Purity level is another factor that contributes to the difference in gold rates in different cities. The purity of gold is measured in karats, and the higher the karat value, the purer the gold is. In India, gold is generally sold in 22 karat or 24 karat. The purity levels of gold in different cities may vary due to various reasons such as local regulations, market conditions, and the availability of pure gold. If the purity levels of gold are high in a particular city, the gold prices will also be high in that city.

Local Market Conditions:

The local market conditions also play a significant role in determining the gold prices in different cities. The demand and supply of gold in a particular city can affect the price. The demand for gold is influenced by various factors such as the local economy, cultural significance, and the availability of alternatives such as silver or platinum. For example, if there is a high demand for gold in a city, the price will be higher compared to a city with low demand. Similarly, if there is a surplus of gold in a city, the price will be lower compared to a city with a shortage.

Retailers' Margins

Retailers also play a significant role in determining the gold prices in different cities. The margins that retailers keep can vary from city to city, and this can affect the price of gold. For example, a retailer in a city with a high margin will charge a higher price compared to a retailer in a city with a low margin.

Government duties and tariffs

In addition to these factors, the Indian government also affects the gold rates by imposing import duties on gold. The import duties on gold can vary depending on the political and economic conditions of the country. When the import duties are high, the gold prices in India also tend to be high.

In conclusion, gold rates differ city-wise in India due to various factors such as taxes, transportation costs, purity levels, local demand and supply, and government policies. Understanding these factors can help individuals make informed decisions and get the best value for their money when buying gold. It is also important to keep an eye on the international gold market, as global economic conditions and political events can also have an impact on gold prices in India.

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