Partner With Us NRI

Open Free Trading Account Online with ICICIDIRECT

Incur '0' Brokerage upto ₹500

Margin Funding: Risk & Advantages

3 Mins 08 Apr 2024 0 COMMENT
risk and benefit of mtf


When it comes to margin funding (MTF), you will hear both sides of the story - some will say it is good, while others will say to stay away from it. The best way to decide for yourself is to understand the facility. Look at both pros and cons. Margin funding is a strategy where you borrow funds from a brokerage firm to purchase securities. Let us look at the risks and advantages of it.

Understanding the Advantages and Risks of Margin Funding

Margin Funding can amplify gains as you can trade more with less. However, it can also significantly increase the potential for losses. Let us understand the benefits of Margin funding, and then the Margin Funding risks. Both are crucial to know for any investor who is considering this strategy.

Advantages of Margin Funding Facility

Below are the benefits of Margin Funding:

  • Leverage: One of the primary advantages of Margin Funding is leverage. By borrowing funds, you can control larger positions than what you could afford with your capital alone. 
  • Increased Buying Power: Margin Funding provides you with increased buying power, allowing you to invest in more securities. It can potentially lead to higher returns if the investments perform well.
  • Quick access to Funds: Margin funding provides quick access to funds without the need to sell your existing investments. It can be advantageous when you require immediate liquidity, such as to seize an investment opportunity or meet unexpected expenses.

Disadvantages of MTF

Now that you know the advantages of Margin Funding, let us shift focus to the risks so you can take an informed call:

  • Increased Losses: While leverage can amplify gains, it equally amplifies losses. If the market moves against trade, your losses can exceed the initial investment, leading to substantial financial losses.
  • Interest Costs: Borrowing funds in a margin funding incurs interest costs, which may eat into profits and exacerbate losses, especially in prolonged periods of market downturns.
  • Potential for Forced Liquidation: If you fail to meet margin calls or maintain adequate margin levels, the broker may forcibly liquidate positions to cover losses. It can lead to selling securities at unfavorable prices and further losses.

Different Ways to Manage Margin Funding Risk

The facility comes with risks, as seen above. If you decide to use the facility, you must learn to protect against potential losses and maintain financial stability. Here are some ways you can effectively manage margin funding risk:

  • Establish clear risk parameters before engaging in Margin Funding. Determine the maximum percentage of your portfolio that you are willing to leverage and stick to it. Define the maximum loss you are willing to incur on any single trade or overall.
  • Implement stop-loss orders to automatically sell a security if it reaches a predetermined price level. Stop-loss orders help limit potential losses by triggering a sale before the losses become too significant. Adjust these orders regularly to reflect changes in market conditions and the value of your positions.
  • Always ensure that you maintain sufficient margin levels in your account to meet the brokerage's requirements. Falling below the minimum margin requirement can trigger a margin call, forcing you to deposit additional funds or liquidate positions at potentially unfavorable prices. 
  • Consider using less leverage than the maximum available from your brokerage to reduce risk. Opting for conservative leverage ratios can help mitigate the impact of adverse market movements on your portfolio.
  • Stay informed about changes in margin requirements imposed by your brokerage firm and regulatory authorities. Margin requirements can fluctuate based on market conditions, volatility, and the brokerage's policies. Understanding and complying with these requirements is essential to avoid margin calls and associated risks.

SEBI Regulations on Margin Funding

As mentioned above in the last point, you need to stay informed. So, let us look at SEBI regulations on Margin Funding. Here are key points to know:




Initial margin required in cash segment


On T day, 20% margin required minimum. For margin reporting on T+1 day, additional margin is be paid within Pay in date (T+2 Day)

Initial margin required for selling of shares


Minimum 20% initial margin required even while selling of shares. To avoid initial margin, broker will do early pay-in

Penalty on short margin



Pledging of shares

To pledge shares to obtain margin, you have to transfer the shares to the broker's account or give Power of Attorney to them

The shares will remain in your Demat Account and limit on shares given as collateral will be available only on shares which are provided as margin through Margin Pledge Mechanism.


FAQs on Margin Funding

Is Margin Funding beneficial?

Yes and No. Margin Funding can be beneficial for some investors under specific circumstances, but it also comes with significant risks that must be carefully managed. Margin Funding can offer benefits like increased buying power, short-selling opportunities, portfolio diversification, and access to liquidity. However, it also comes with significant risks, including amplified losses, margin calls, interest costs, and exposure to market volatility. 

Is it possible to trade without a margin?

Yes, you can trade without a margin. You can use your cash account and trade without margin.

Can I use MTF for intraday?

No, you cannot use MTF for intraday trading.