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What is the Procedure to buy Government Bonds?

5 Mins 18 Nov 2021 0 COMMENT


Government Bonds are a secure form of investment that comes with fixed and floating interest rates and a fixed tenure. The interest gets paid semi-annually or annually, and you receive the face value of the investment when the term ends. The Bond is secured by collateral and is the first choice of investors with a low-risk appetite and enjoy passive income as interest. The government issues Bonds when it needs funds, and you can easily buy them from the market.

The current yield for Government Bonds for 10 years tenure is 6.126%, which means holding the Bond for 10 years provides decent returns. It fluctuates based on the size of the borrowing program of the government. You also find Government Bonds that have shorter tenures but come with lower yields. Besides, you can buy the Government Savings Bonds that have a floating interest rate linked to the National Savings Certificate, and the rate is 7.15%. It gets revised every six months. You can buy the Bonds through designated banks like HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, SBI, ICICI Bank.

How do you buy Government bonds?

There are two ways retail investors can purchase Government Bonds:

GILT Mutual Funds

The most common way to purchase them is the Government Securities Mutual Funds or GILT. When you invest in Mutual Funds, you need to pay an expense ratio, which reduces the return to some extent. The Mutual Funds invests in GOI Bonds. Investing in Mutual Funds helps diversify the portfolio.

Direct Investment

If you do not want to invest in Mutual Funds and invest in the Bonds directly, you need a Trading and Demat Account with the bank. You can register yourself on the stock exchange for the bids. There is no need for you to look for a stockbroker here. You can submit the order on the exchange and buy the Bonds, later holding them in the Demat Account.

Alternatively, you can buy Government Bonds through the stockbroker. For this, you need to participate through non-competitive bidding. But in this case, the yield gets decided based on the bids of all the institutional investors, and you get the Bond allocation based on the market yield.

The biggest advantage of investing in Government Bonds is the negligible risk. There is no risk of default, but the interest rate might change. The longer the Bond term, the more sensitive it is to the interest rate movement. When you buy Government Bonds, consider the interest rates and tenure before deciding. Ensure that the money locked in the Bond gets enough return in the long run.


If you are an investor with a low-risk appetite and want a secure, risk-free investment, GOI Bonds are a great choice.


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