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Personal financial risks and how to manage those

11 Mins 18 Aug 2023 0 COMMENT

In today's world, one cannot ignore the occurrence and the subsequent impact of financial risks on our lives. These risks can be due to a variety of factors such as economic fluctuations, job loss, unexpected medical emergencies, or natural calamities. Personal financial risks can put a dent in one’s financial stability and affect the overall quality of life. Therefore, it is essential to understand what these risks are and how one can manage them to ensure a secure financial future.

In this article, we will discuss the different types of personal financial risks and how to manage them effectively.

Types of personal financial risks

Income risk

Income risk is the possibility of losing or experiencing a reduction in income. This risk can arise due to factors such as a job loss, reduction in work hours, or change in employment status. Income risk can be managed by maintaining an emergency fund that can cover three to six months of living expenses. An emergency fund is a financial cushion that can help individuals deal with unexpected financial emergencies or sudden income disruptions. Building an emergency fund is an essential part of personal financial planning, as it can provide a sense of financial security and prevent individuals from falling into debt or financial distress.

Individuals can take the following steps to create an emergency fund:

Determine the amount needed: The first step in building an emergency fund is to determine how much money is needed. A good rule of thumb is to save three to six months of living expenses. This includes expenses like rent or mortgage payments, utilities, groceries, and any other necessary bills.

Open a separate savings account: It is important to keep emergency funds separate from regular savings accounts. This can help prevent individuals from accidentally spending the funds on non-emergency items.

Set up automatic transfers: To make saving easier, set up automatic transfers from your regular account to your emergency fund savings account until you accumulate the desired corpus. This can help ensure that a portion of your income goes towards your emergency fund each month.

Cut back on expenses: To accelerate the process of building an emergency fund, consider cutting back on non-essential expenses. Redirecting those funds towards the emergency fund can help build it up faster.

Review and adjust as needed: It is important to review the emergency fund periodically to ensure that it is still sufficient. Changes in income, expenses, or life circumstances may require adjustments to the amount saved in the fund.

Building an emergency fund takes time and discipline, but it can provide a significant sense of financial security. By taking the steps outlined above, individuals can create a solid financial cushion to deal with unexpected events and emergencies.

Health risk

Health risk is the possibility of incurring unexpected medical expenses. This risk can arise due to an illness, injury, or disability. Health risk can be managed by purchasing adequate health insurance coverage, which can help cover the cost of medical treatment and hospitalization.

Health insurance is a type of insurance that covers medical expenses incurred by the insured person due to illness or injury. In India, the cost of healthcare can be high, and a medical emergency can quickly lead to significant financial strain. Health insurance can help provide financial protection against such unforeseen medical expenses.

There are different types of health insurance policies available, including individual health insurance, family floater health insurance, and group health insurance. Individual health insurance provides coverage for a single person, while family floater health insurance provides coverage for the entire family under a single policy. Group health insurance is usually provided by employers to their employees as part of their employee benefits package.

Mortality risk

Mortality risk is the possibility of premature death, which can leave behind financial liabilities for the family. Mortality risk can be managed by purchasing adequate life insurance coverage, which can provide financial support to the family in case of the policyholder's untimely death.

Life insurance is a contract between an individual and an insurance company in which the insurer guarantees payment of a death benefit to the named beneficiary upon the death of the insured person. The death benefit can help provide financial support to the beneficiary in case the insured person passes away, which can be especially important if the individual was a primary earner in the family.

There are different types of life insurance policies available in the market, including term life insurance, whole life insurance, and endowment life insurance. Term life insurance provides coverage for a specified period of time, while whole life insurance provide coverage for the entire life of the insured person. The premiums for whole life insurance and endowment life insurance are typically higher than those for term life insurance, but they also offer benefits such as a savings component that can accumulate cash value over time.

Life insurance and health insurance coverage can be useful in managing personal financial risks. By providing financial protection against unforeseen circumstances, such as the death of the primary earner in the family or a medical emergency, these insurance policies can help individuals and families to better manage their finances and ensure their financial well-being.

Investment risk

Investment risk is the possibility of losing money due to market volatility or poor investment decisions. Investment risk can be managed by diversifying investments across different asset classes and maintaining a long-term investment horizon.


Personal financial risks can have a significant impact on our financial stability and quality of life. Therefore, it is essential to understand the different types of risks and how to manage them effectively. Building an emergency fund, purchasing adequate insurance coverage, and diversifying investments can help manage personal financial risks and ensure a secure financial future.

ICICI Securities Ltd. (I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Venture House, Appasaheb Marathe Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 025, India, Tel No : 022 - 6807 7100. I-Sec is a Member of National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (Member Code :07730), BSE Ltd (Member Code :103) and Member of Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. (Member Code: 56250) and having SEBI registration no. INZ000183631. Name of the Compliance officer (broking): Ms. Mamta Shetty, Contact number: 022-40701022, E-mail address: complianceofficer@icicisecurities.com. Investments in securities markets are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest. I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investors should consult their financial advisers whether the product is suitable for them before taking any decision. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose