Partner With Us NRI

Open Free Trading Account Online with ICICIDIRECT

Incur '0' Brokerage upto ₹500

Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP) - Overview, Types

11 Mins 27 Jun 2023 0 COMMENT

Investing in the stock market is one of the most popular ways to build wealth in the long run. Investors of shares can earn a return on their investment in two ways – one by the appreciation of their capital and the second by earning dividend income.

Capital appreciation is the increase in the value of the stock over a period of time. Meanwhile, dividend income is the regular income paid by the company to its shareholders. Instead of getting cash payments, investors can also opt for a Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP). Let us understand what is dividend reinvestment plan and the types of dividend reinvestment plans.

What is a Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP)?

A Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP) is an investment program that allows shareholders to automatically reinvest their dividends into additional shares of the company, instead of receiving cash payments.

DRIPs can be a cost-efficient way of investing in the stock market as they allow investors to purchase additional shares of the company without paying a commission or brokerage fees. Under this strategy, investors can accumulate more shares and compound their returns over time.

Types of Dividend Reinvestment Plans

There are different types of dividend reinvestment plans. They are as follows:

Company-run DRIPs: Company-Sponsored DRIPs are run and operated by the company in which an investor owns shares. The companies offer these plans directly to their shareholders. The companies can also offer a discount on the purchase of additional shares through DRIPs.

Brokerage firm DRIPs: Some brokerage firms may also offer DRIPs on some investments to investors. These DRIPs are run by stock broking firms on behalf of their clients. The brokers buy shares in the open market in the broker-operated DRIP. The brokers may charge little to no commission for DRIP stock purchases.

Third-Party DRIPs: The companies can outsource DRIPs to a third party which operates these plans. It is done when the company finds it time-consuming and too costly to operate its own DRIP. The advantage of third-party DRIPs is that they allow investors to consolidate their investments in one place and make it easier to manage their portfolios.

How do dividend reinvestment plans work?

Shareholders first have to enroll for the DRIP. They will receive additional shares of the company instead of cash payment when the company pays dividends. The number of shares they will get will be based on the market price of the shares on the date of dividend payment.

Shareholders will receive a smaller number of shares if the stock price is higher than the dividend payment, while they will get more shares if the market price of shares is lower than the dividend payment. In cases when the dividend amount is not enough to purchase a full share, the DRIP will typically purchase a fractional share of stock, which is a portion of a full share.

Advantages of a Dividend Reinvestment Plan

Here are some of the advantages of Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP):

Compounding returns: DRIPs allow investors to take advantage of compounding returns by reinvesting dividends to buy additional shares. This can generate more dividends in the future, which grows the investment at a faster pace.

Cost-Effective: Through DRIPs, investors can purchase additional shares without paying commissions or brokerage fees. Hence, it is a cost-effective way to invest in the stock market.

Regular Investment: Investors can make regular investments in the company’s stock with the use of DRIP which helps them to reduce the impact of market volatility on their portfolio.

Accumulate shares at discount: Many companies offer shares at a discount to the current market price in DRIPs. Hence, this gives shareholders an opportunity to accumulate additional shares lower cost.

Disadvantages of a Dividend Reinvestment Plan

There are also certain disadvantages of a dividend reinvestment plan. They are as follows:

Equity Dilution: When the company issues more shares to shareholders in DRIP, there will be more shares outstanding in the market. This will dilute the equity ownership in the company of the shareholders who do not participate in DRIP.

No control over share price: The shareholders have no control over the price of the stock that is being purchased in DRIP. This is because the shares are purchased automatically and the market price.

No diversification: An investor’s exposure to a particular company significantly increases in DRIP as the shares of the same company are purchased. Hence, their portfolio may become less diversified and more concentrated towards the same company.

Overall, DRIPs can be a valuable tool for long-term investors looking to reinvest their dividends and potentially grow their investments over time. It is important to carefully consider the fees, eligibility requirements, and other factors before enrolling in a DRIP.

Dividend Reinvestment Plan - FAQs

Q: What is a dividend reinvestment plan (DRIP)?

A: A dividend reinvestment plan or a DRIP is a strategy that allows shareholders to automatically reinvest their cash dividends into additional shares of the company’s stock.

Q. Can I enroll in a DRIP if I do not own any shares of the company?

A. No, it is essential to be a shareholder of the company to get enrolled in a DRIP.

Q: What are the fees to enrol in a DRIP?

A: There are certain fees associated with some DRIPs such as enrollment fees or transaction fees for purchasing additional shares.

Q: Can the shares purchased through a DRIP be sold?

A: Yes, the shares purchased through a DRIP can be sold like any other shares of stock.

Q: Can I enrol in a DRIP through my brokerage account?

A: Yes, some brokerage firms offer DRIPs on behalf of their clients. It is essential to check with the brokerage firm for availability and any associated fees.

ICICI Securities Ltd. (I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Venture House, Appasaheb Marathe Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 025, India, Tel No : 022 - 6807 7100. I-Sec is a Member of National Stock Exchange of India Ltd (Member Code :07730), BSE Ltd (Member Code :103) and Member of Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. (Member Code: 56250) and having SEBI registration no. INZ000183631. Name of the Compliance officer (broking): Ms. Mamta Shetty, Contact number: 022-40701022, E-mail address: complianceofficer@icicisecurities.com. Investments in securities markets are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest. I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investors should consult their financial advisers whether the product is suitable for them before taking any decision. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose.