Breadth positive; IT stocks rally
Published on Feb 01, 2022 14:32
Equity indices came off the day`s low and traded with strong gains in mid afternoon trade. The Nifty scaled 17,550 level and edged higher. Metals, IT, pharma and FMCG stocks advanced while autos and oil & gas stocks declined.
At 14:25 IST, the barometer index, the S&P BSE Sensex, was up 894.63 points or 1.54% to 58,908.13. The Nifty 50 index advanced 241.40 points or 1.39% to 17,581.65.
In the broader market, the S&P BSE Mid-Cap index gained 0.91% while the S&P BSE Small-Cap index rallied 0.85%.
The market breadth was positive. On the BSE, 1711 shares rose and 1600 shares fell. A total of 104 shares were unchanged.
Union Budget 2022-23:
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman Tuesday presented the Union Budget 2022-23 in Parliament. Sitharaman stated that India`s economic growth in the current year is estimated to be 9.2%, highest among all large economies.
In five big infrastructure projects, the government has proposed expanding highways in the country by 25,000 kilometres, allocating Rs 60,000 crore to the Nal se Jal scheme, five river link projects across various states, an additional Rs 48,000 crore in the PM housing scheme, and boosting infrastructure development in the North East.
The Finance Minister also announced the auction of 5G spectrum in 2022; proposed setting up 75 digital banking units in 75 districts; announced a national programme for mental health, worsened by the Covid-19 pandemic; and brought virtual currencies like cryptocurrency and non-fungible tokens under the tax net.
"The Fiscal Deficit in 2022-23 is estimated at 6.4% of GDP, which is consistent with the broad path of fiscal consolidation announced by me last year to reach a fiscal deficit level below 4.5% by 2025-26" announced the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs Nirmala Sitharaman. Further, the Revised Fiscal Deficit in the current year is estimated at 6.9% of GDP as against 6.8% projected in the Budget Estimates.
The Finance Minister stated that the outlay for capital expenditure in the Union Budget is once again being stepped up sharply by 35.4% from Rs 5.54 lakh crore in the current year to Rs 7.50 lakh crore in 2022-23. This has increased to more than 2.2 times the expenditure of 2019-20. This outlay in 2022-23 will be 2.9% of GDP.
With Capital Expenditure taken together with provision made for creation of capital assets through Grants-In-Aid to States, the `Effective Capital Expenditure` of the Central Government is estimated at Rs 10.68 lakh crore in 2022-23, which will be 4.1% of GDP, informed the Minister.
The total expenditure in 2022-23 is estimated at Rs 39.45 lakh crore, while the total receipts other than borrowings are estimated at Rs 22.84 lakh crore. She further added that as against a total expenditure of Rs 34.83 lakh crore projected in the Budget Estimates 2021-22, the Revised Estimate is Rs 37.70 lakh crore.
The total market borrowings of the government for 2022-23 are estimated to stand at Rs 11,58,719 crore. The Revised Estimates for the same for 2021-22 are Rs 8,75,771 crore as against the Budget Estimates of Rs 9,67,708 crore.
FM said "the procurement of wheat in Rabi 2021-22 and the estimated procurement of paddy in Kharif 2021-22 will cover 1208 lakh metric tonnes of wheat and paddy from 163 lakh farmers, and Rs 2.37 lakh crore direct payment of MSP value to their accounts".
The Government proposes to permit taxpayers to file an updated return on payment of additional tax within two years from the end of the relevant assessment year announced. This would give taxpayers an opportunity to correct any omissions or mistakes in correctly estimating their income for tax payment.
The Government proposes to increase the tax deduction limit to 14% from 10% on employer`s contribution to the NPS account of State Government employees.
Further, FM said that `any income from transfer of any virtual digital asset shall be taxed at the rate of 30%`. She said that the scheme would not allow any deduction in respect of any expenditure or allowance while computing such income except cost of acquisition. Further, loss from transfer of virtual digital asset cannot be set off against any other income. Gift of virtual digital asset is also proposed to be taxed in the hands of the recipient.
The Government in order to provide a level playing field between co-operative societies and companies proposes to reduce the Alternate Minimum Tax rate for co-operative societies to 15% from the current 18.5%. The Government also proposes to reduce the surcharge on co-operative societies to 7% from 12% at present for those having total income of more than Rs 1 crore and up to Rs 10 crore.
On the Indirect tax side, the Union budget says that Customs administration in Special Economic Zones will be fully IT driven. It provides for phasing out of concessional rates in capital goods and project imports gradually and apply a moderate tariff of 7.5%.
To encourage the efforts for blending of fuel, unblended fuel shall attract an additional differential excise duty of Rs 2 per litre from the 1st October 2022.
To give a boost to the Gems and Jewellery sector, Customs duty on cut and polished diamonds and gemstones is being reduced to 5%. To facilitate export of jewellery through e-commerce, a simplified regulatory framework shall be implemented by June this year.
Customs duty on certain critical chemicals namely methanol, acetic acid and heavy feed stocks for petroleum refining are being reduced, while duty is being raised on sodium cyanide for which adequate domestic capacity exists.
Duty on umbrellas is being raised to 20%. Exemption to parts of umbrellas is being withdrawn. Exemption is also being rationalised on implements and tools for agri-sector which are manufactured in India. Customs duty exemption given to steel scrap last year is being extended for another year. Certain Anti- dumping and CVD on stainless steel and coated steel flat products, bars of alloy steel and high-speed steel are being revoked.
To incentivise exports, exemptions are being provided on items such as embellishment, trimming, fasteners, buttons, zipper, lining material, specified leather, furniture fittings and packaging boxes that may be needed by bonafide exporters of handicrafts, textiles and leather garments, leather footwear and other goods. Duty is being reduced on certain inputs required for shrimp aquaculture so as to promote its exports.
The Government proposes to introduce Digital Rupee, using blockchain and other technologies, to be issued by the Reserve Bank of India starting 2022-23 for more efficient and cheaper currency management system.
The issuance of e-Passports using embedded chip and futuristic technology will be rolled out in 2022-23 to enhance convenience for the citizens in their overseas travel.
FM informed that required spectrum auctions will be conducted in 2022 to facilitate rollout of 5G mobile services within 2022- 23 by private telecom providers. A scheme for design-led manufacturing will be launched to build a strong ecosystem for 5G as part of the Production Linked Incentive Scheme, she added.
On the Defence front, the Government reiterates committed to reducing imports and promoting AtmaNirbharta in equipment for the Armed Forces. 68% of the capital procurement budget will be earmarked for domestic industry in 2022-23, up from 58% in 2021-22. Defence R&D will be opened up for industry, startups and academia with 25% of defence R&D budget earmarked.
The Nifty IT index added 1.48% to 35,319.65. The index has rallied 5.5% in three days.
HCL Technologies (up 2.72%), Infosys (up 1.94%), Mphasis (up 1.72%), TCS (up 1.44%), Tech Mahindra (up 1.41%) and Wipro (up 1%) were top gainers in IT space.
Numbers to Track:
In the foreign exchange market, the rupee edged lower against the dollar. The partially convertible rupee was hovering at 74.805, compared with its close of 74.65 during the previous trading session.
MCX Gold futures for 4 February 2022 settlement rose 0.35% to Rs 47,855.
The US Dollar index (DXY), which tracks the greenback`s value against a basket of currencies, fell 0.13% to 96.415.
In the commodities market, Brent crude for March 2022 settlement rose 4 cents or 0.04% at $89.30 a barrel.
Shares in Europe and Asia advanced on Tuesday, tracking gains on Wall Street. Markets in mainland China, Hong Kong, South Korea and Singapore were closed for a holiday.
US stocks surged for a second day Monday to wrap up a rough January, as investors snapped up some of the tech shares that have been battered all month.
The Dow Jones US futures were trading 51 points higher, indicating a positive start in US markets today.
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