loader2
Partner With Us NRI

Open Free Demat Account Online with ICICIDIRECT

How to Calculate Turnover in Futures and Options Trade

Introduction:

India is witnessing a surge in investments and trading in the derivatives segment. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive their value from the underlying assets like indices, stocks, commodities, currencies, etc. Futures and Options are two popular variants of derivatives that can deliver notable returns. Knowing how to calculate your turnover in this business is an integral part of the basics you should know.

Understanding the basics of Futures and Options

Futures

A Futures contract is an agreement between the buyer and seller to trade a given quantity of an underlying asset. This takes place on or before a particular date in the future. The price at which the trade takes place is also pre-decided.

Options

An Option is an agreement that gives you the right to purchase or sell a given quantity of the underlying asset at or before a particular date in the future. This transaction will take place at a pre-determined price. Here, it must be emphasized that you have the right, but not the obligation to buy or sell the underlying asset.

If you find the Options contract unfavourable, you can consider postponing the trade to a future date, sell it on an exchange or let it expire. However, if you wish to buy, the seller has to sell it as per the terms of the contract. He cannot deny the trade.

There are two types of options - Call Option & Put Option. A Call Option gives you the right to purchase an underlying asset at a pre-decided price until the contract’s future expiry date. A Put Option gives you the right to sell an underlying asset at a pre-decided price until the contract’s future expiry date.

F&O turnover

Investment and trade in Futures and Options are considered to be a business from a taxation point of view. Hence, you have to calculate your turnover in F&O trading for filing your taxes accurately. The first step in this direction will be to tabulate your total income from F&O. Depending on how profitable your trades were, your income could be positive or negative. You can arrive at your net income by deducting expenses like brokerage, utility bills, commission, etc that are directly related to your business of F&O.

Stepwise calculation of turnover in Futures and Options

You can calculate the turnover in your F&O business after taking into consideration the following factors:

  • Calculation of the total profit and loss
  • The premium paid or received while trading in Options
  • The quantum of reverse trades done and the difference in profit/loss incurred

Total Futures turnover (across all transactions done in a given year) = Total profit – total loss

Total Options turnover (across all the transactions done in a given year) = Total profit – total loss + total premium received for the sale of Options – total premium paid for the purchase of Options

Taxation for F&O business

You have to file your returns for your F&O transactions, irrespective of it being positive or negative. You can enjoy tax benefits if your F&O business is running in losses.

Under section 44AB, a tax audit is required if:

  • Your F&O turnover is in a loss
  • The trading turnover exceeds Rs. 1 crore
  • The trading turnover exceeds Rs. 2 crore and it is protected by the presumptive taxation scheme.

You will have to get an expert on the subject matter such as a Chartered Accountant on board for the tax audit in order to:

  • Create your balance sheet
  • File your tax audit report
  • File your ITR

You can avoid a tax audit if you do not claim a refund and carry forward the losses. Here, you can set off the losses against the profits earned in the future and reduce your tax liability.

Conclusion

Tabulating your net income and filing taxes can be tricky when it comes to your F&O business. Hence, along with understanding the ropes of F&O trading, it is also important to know how to calculate your turnover in this business.

Additional Read: All about Income Tax in India: Basics, tax slabs, and e-filing process

Additional Read: Income Tax Rebate? What is Income Tax Rebate?

Additional Read: What are the Benefits of Filing Income Tax Return on Time?

Additional Read: What is Form 16? Basics Part A & Part B of Form 16

Disclaimer

ICICI Securities Ltd. ( I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Centre, H. T. Parekh Marg, Churchgate, Mumbai - 400020, India, Tel No : 022 - 2288 2460, 022 - 2288 2470. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest.  I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investments in securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose.

Most Popular

  • 13 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

The Five-Point Financial Planning Checklist For Your Family

Whether you just got married or planning to have a baby or have dependents, you should have financial plans for every stage in your life to ensure a secured future for your family members. Here are five things you can do financially for your family.   

  • 12 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

What is a Zero Coupon Bond?

You get fixed returns in the form of interest until maturity when you invest in a bond. Zero-coupon bonds work a little differently. In this article, find out what zero-coupon bonds are, their advantages and whether you should invest in them. 

  • 12 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

What are Cross Currency Pairs?

The forex market is the largest financial market globally. Currency trading is a lucrative and booming business. While most currencies trading happens in relation to the US Dollar, some don’t. That forms the basis of cross currency pairs. Here’s what you need to know about it. 

  • 12 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

Investing principles from Benjamin Graham: The Father of Value Investing

Benjamin Graham was a British born economist, professor, and investor who taught at Columbia University. He was also a mentor to some of the most famous investors of the 20th century, including Irving Khan, John Templeton, & Warren Buffett. Buffett called him "the second most influential figure in his life, only after my father". 

  • 12 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

How to Invest in Nifty 50?

The Nifty 50 is the benchmark index of the National Stock Exchange. It represents the 50 largest companies listed in India. Investing in the Nifty 50 can be a good idea for those looking to make index-linked returns. Here’s how you can invest in the index. 

  • 12 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

Investment philosophy of Cathie Wood: The most powerful woman on Wall Street

Catherine Duddy Wood, also called Cathie Wood, is an investor who primarily invests in disruptive technologies and is the founder, chief executive officer, and chief investment officer of ARK Investment Management, LLC, an investment management firm mostly active in the United States.

  • 11 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

How to Use Technology to Improve Your Finances

Technology has made life simpler for everyone. In the realm of personal finance, technology has streamlined many processes—from budgeting to automating your payments. On National Technology Day, let’s look at how technology has transformed our finances. 

  • 11 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

How to Invest in your Every Goal with Mutual Funds?

Each of us is unique. We have different needs and goals in life. Some of us can ride along swinging markets, while some may need a relatively conservative investment tool. 

  • 11 May 2022
  • ICICI Securities

Four Reasons Why Entrepreneurs should Invest in Equity Mutual Funds

Equity mutual funds provide growth opportunities not just for individual investors but also for entrepreneurs and corporates. They make excellent investments for anyone looking for wealth creation. This article will give you four reasons why businesspeople should consider investing in equity mutual funds.