# How to Calculate Turnover in Futures and Options Trade

## Introduction:

India is witnessing a surge in investments and trading in the derivatives segment. Derivatives are financial instruments that derive their value from the underlying assets like indices, stocks, commodities, currencies, etc. Futures and Options are two popular variants of derivatives that can deliver notable returns. Knowing how to calculate your turnover in this business is an integral part of the basics you should know.

## Understanding the basics of Futures and Options

### Futures

A Futures contract is an agreement between the buyer and seller to trade a given quantity of an underlying asset. This takes place on or before a particular date in the future. The price at which the trade takes place is also pre-decided.

### Options

An Option is an agreement that gives you the right to purchase or sell a given quantity of the underlying asset at or before a particular date in the future. This transaction will take place at a pre-determined price. Here, it must be emphasized that you have the right, but not the obligation to buy or sell the underlying asset.

If you find the Options contract unfavourable, you can consider postponing the trade to a future date, sell it on an exchange or let it expire. However, if you wish to buy, the seller has to sell it as per the terms of the contract. He cannot deny the trade.

There are two types of options - Call Option & Put Option. A Call Option gives you the right to purchase an underlying asset at a pre-decided price until the contract’s future expiry date. A Put Option gives you the right to sell an underlying asset at a pre-decided price until the contract’s future expiry date.

## Stepwise calculation of turnover in Futures and Options

You can calculate the turnover in your F&O business after taking into consideration the following factors:

• Calculation of the total profit and loss
• The quantum of reverse trades done and the difference in profit/loss incurred

Total Futures turnover (across all transactions done in a given year) = Total profit – total loss

Total Options turnover (across all the transactions done in a given year) = Total profit – total loss + total premium received for the sale of Options – total premium paid for the purchase of Options

You have to file your returns for your F&O transactions, irrespective of it being positive or negative. You can enjoy tax benefits if your F&O business is running in losses.

Under section 44AB, a tax audit is required if:

• Your F&O turnover is in a loss
• The trading turnover exceeds Rs. 1 crore
• The trading turnover exceeds Rs. 2 crore and it is protected by the presumptive taxation scheme.

You will have to get an expert on the subject matter such as a Chartered Accountant on board for the tax audit in order to:

• File your tax audit report

You can avoid a tax audit if you do not claim a refund and carry forward the losses. Here, you can set off the losses against the profits earned in the future and reduce your tax liability.

## Conclusion

Tabulating your net income and filing taxes can be tricky when it comes to your F&O business. Hence, along with understanding the ropes of F&O trading, it is also important to know how to calculate your turnover in this business.

Additional Read: What are the Benefits of Filing Income Tax Return on Time?

Additional Read: What is Form 16? Basics Part A & Part B of Form 16

Disclaimer

ICICI Securities Ltd. ( I-Sec). Registered office of I-Sec is at ICICI Securities Ltd. - ICICI Centre, H. T. Parekh Marg, Churchgate, Mumbai - 400020, India, Tel No : 022 - 2288 2460, 022 - 2288 2470. The contents herein above shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest.  I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. The contents herein above are solely for informational purpose and may not be used or considered as an offer document or solicitation of offer to buy or sell or subscribe for securities or other financial instruments or any other product. Investments in securities market are subject to market risks, read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational and educational purpose.

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