7 best tax saving options available for you
If you want to avail of deductions to reduce your tax burden instead of opting for a flat rate, you need to do some planning before investing in tax-saving instruments. This is because not all of them offer the same kind of benefits, returns, liquidity, etc. Don’t think of it as just money you have to put aside to save tax, consider how you can maximise income and reduce risk. Let’s look at the top 7 tax saving options available:
1. Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a highly safe investment instrument because it offers guaranteed yield / returns at an interest rate of around 7-8%. You can reduce your taxable income by Rs. 1.5 lakh by investing in PPF, the interest you earn is tax free, and so is the final corpus on maturity. Moreover, it offers you the flexibility of investing small amounts. You can invest as little as Rs. 500 a year and even start withdrawing partially from the seventh year onwards. It has a lock-in period of 15 years.
2. Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS)
It is a highly popular tax investment choice because of the significantly high returns it can deliver (over 10-12% on an average). In recent years, no other tax saving instrument has managed to give better returns than ELSS. However, since ELSS invests in equity, there are some risks involved too.
You have to pay tax on any gains after redemption. But gains of up to Rs.1 lakh are free from tax. The lock-in period for this instrument is one of the shortest – around 3 years. One way of reducing risk is to invest through a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP), which evens out the ups and downs of the stock market.
3. Unit Linked Insurance Policy (ULIP)
ULIPs are insurance-cum-investment options that enable you to invest and get insurance at the same time. Some portion of your premium goes towards investments, with the rest being used for insurance. You can reduce your taxable income by Rs.1.5 lakh under Section 80C on premiums paid, under certain conditions. Returns from ULIPs are tax free if premium paid is less than 10 per cent of sum assured. For policies purchased before 1 April 2012, premium must be less than 20 per cent of sum assured.
4. National Savings Certificates (NSCs)
NSC is another very good option that will help you to save income tax of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh under Section 80C. The interest rates are the same as PPF. However, there are two main differences between PPF and NSC. One is that the tenure of NSC is five years compared to PPF’s fifteen years.. Another is that interest earned on NSC is taxable. It is added to your income and taxed according to your tax slab.
5. National Pension Scheme (NPS)
NSC, which has been offering returns of around 9% for the past 5-6 years, is a very good tax saving instrument that you can look at. You can save up to Rs. 2 lakh in income tax by
investing in it. It offers exposure to both equities and bonds. However, liquidity can be an issue here. You can only withdraw part of the sum when you retire at 60 years of age. The rest will have to be invested in an equity. If you want a pension after retirement, this is right for you.
6. Home Loan
If you are planning to buy a house now or in future, a home loan is a great option to save tax every year (during the tenure of the home loan), according to the Income Tax Act, 1961. You can avail tax benefits of up to:
- Rs. 2 lakh on the interest portion under Section 24
- Rs. 1.5 lakh on the principal (inclusive of stamp duty and registration charges) under Section 80C
- An additional Rs. 50,000 on interest (for first time buyers only) under section 80EE if the loan is sanctioned between 01.04.2016 to 31.03.2017.
7. Health Insurance
By purchasing a health insurance policy, you can cover your hospitalisation charges as well as get deduction from taxable income of up to Rs. 25,000 on the premium that is paid, as per Section 80D. Of course, the major objective would be to get good health insurance cover; the tax exemption is just an added bonus.
Disclaimer : The contents herein mentioned are solely for informational purpose and shall not be considered as an invitation or persuasion to trade or invest. I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon.